top of page

The Parental Impact

A parent’s guide to decrease injuries and increase enjoyment for young athletes

As a chiropractor and father deeply immersed in the physical well-being of young athletes, I’ve observed firsthand the dramatic surge in youth sports participation. It’s a trend that reflects a commendable shift towards physical activity but brings a set of challenges that require our urgent attention. Today, I want to address an issue that’s as critical to your child’s development as any physical training regimen: the impact of parental pressure on young athletes.


Navigating the Fine Line

A recent revelation from a nationwide survey conducted by the National Athletic Trainers’ Association (NATA) Research and Education Foundation and the SAFE KIDS National Campaign sheds light on a striking statistic: nearly three-quarters of American homes with children aged 5 to 14 have at least one child engaged in organized sports. This figure is a testament to our collective commitment to physical activity and a precursor to a growing concern within youth sports – the escalation of injuries and the psychological strain from the pressure to perform.


The enthusiasm with which parents embrace their children’s participation in sports can sometimes cross the line from supportive to pressurizing. While the intention is often rooted in love and a desire for their children to excel, the consequences can be far-reaching. In my practice, I’ve seen the physical manifestations of this pressure: overuse injuries, stress fractures, and a range of musculoskeletal complaints that are, often, preventable.


But the impact doesn’t stop at the physical. The psychological burden of constant pressure to perform can lead to burnout, anxiety, and a diminished love for the game. The joy and passion that initially drive a child to participate in sports can quickly wane, replaced by a sense of obligation and fear of failure. This shift affects their performance and can alter their overall approach to physical activity in the long run.


As parents and caregivers, our role in our children’s lives is undeniably influential. The line between encouraging their interests and pushing them beyond their limits is fine but crucial. The challenge lies in fostering an environment that prioritizes enjoyment, personal growth, and development over trophies and accolades. The real goal is to support their journey in sports with a balanced perspective, ensuring that their physical and psychological well-being remains healthy and strong.


Remember, the goal is not to dim the competitive spirit that sports ignite or to somehow try to relive certain moments from our own athletic history through our kids. Instead, our primary focus is to channel that competitive spirit in a way that promotes healthy development, resilience, and a lifelong love for physical activity. With that in mind, let’s look at ways we can work together to keep the field a place of growth, learning, and, most importantly, fun.


Creating a Positive Environment for Young Athletes

As discussed, the line between healthy competition and undue pressure in youth sports is easily blurred. That said, we can shift the culture of youth sports to one that prioritizes the well-being and personal growth of young athletes.


Intervention Strategies for a Positive Sports Environment

A recent article by Hamstra, Cherubini, and Swanik about this topic offers insightful strategies for athletic trainers, therapists, parents, and coaches on fostering an environment where the primary focus of youth sports is on internal satisfaction, enjoyment, and fun. Let’s delve into these strategies and expand on how we can apply them effectively.

For Athletic Trainers and Therapists

1. Educate on the Physical and Psychological Impacts: Athletic trainers and therapists should not only focus on treating injuries but also on educating athletes, parents, and coaches about the physical and psychological impacts of sports. This includes understanding the signs of burnout, the importance of rest, and the need for a balanced approach to training.


2. Advocate for Diverse Athletic Experiences: Encourage young athletes to explore a variety of sports. This reduces the risk of overuse injuries, helps develop a well-rounded athletic skill set, and keeps the sports experience enjoyable.


For Parents

1. Set Realistic Expectations: Parents must understand and accept their child’s unique abilities and interests. Encourage progress and effort over winning. Celebrating small achievements and improvements can foster a sense of accomplishment and boost confidence.


2. Support and Positive Feedback: The role of a parent in a young athlete’s life should be supportive and encouraging. Focus on the joy of participation and personal growth rather than the outcome of the game. This positive reinforcement helps build a healthy self-esteem and a love for the game.


3. Encourage Open Communication: Create an environment where your child feels comfortable discussing their feelings about the sport, including any pressures they may feel. Listening and validating their experiences can help in mitigating stress and anxiety.


For Coaches

1. Emphasize Skill Development and Fun: Coaches should create training programs that prioritize skill development, teamwork, and enjoyment of the sport. This approach improves athletic abilities and ensures that young athletes remain motivated and engaged.


2. Foster a Team Environment: Encourage an atmosphere of mutual respect, support, and camaraderie among teammates. A positive team environment can significantly enhance the sporting experience and reduce the pressure to perform.


3. Manage Competition: While competition is a natural part of sports, managing its intensity and focus can help maintain a healthy balance. Encourage athletes to compete against their personal bests rather than constantly comparing themselves to others.


Putting These Groups Together

One of the most neglected threads in the intricate tapestry of youth sports is communication among parents, coaches, and health professionals (e.g., athletic trainers, chiropractors, and sports therapists).

When a young athlete faces injury, a whirlwind of questions emerges, creating a complex puzzle that demands coordination and clarity. The fundamental queries range from the existence of a return-to-play strategy, adherence to recovery guidelines, and the leadership of care to the decision-making process. It’s not uncommon for a physician, a trainer, a parent, and a coach to offer diverging advice, leaving the young athlete adrift in a sea of confusion, trying to navigate the best course of action while aiming to fulfill the expectations of these significant figures in their life. It doesn’t have to be that way, and there are things we can do to remove this pressure in a way that improves alignment and accelerates healing!


To illustrate, let’s delve into a case study from my practice involving a high school track star on the cusp of recovery. The prescribed healing journey entailed a reduction in training intensity by 30% for a period 2 weeks with increased load at 5% intensity, in either distance or speed, each week after that. When the athlete communicated this plan to the coach, a disconnect emerged. Many coaches, with the athlete’s well-being in mind, opt to sideline the injured until they can return at full capacity. However, this well-intentioned approach can inadvertently hinder recovery for several reasons.


Firstly, engagement in the sport, adjusted to accommodate the injury, can be crucial for holistic healing. Secondly, halting all physical activity can decelerate the healing process. Lastly, this pause in training often results in a regression of skills, setting the stage for potential re-injury upon return.


In this particular scenario, with the consent of both the athlete and their parents, I reached out to the coach. Our collaboration forged a tailored recovery plan that allowed the athlete to maintain involvement in their sport, albeit at a moderated pace. This open channel of communication ensured a synchronized approach to the athlete’s recovery, adapting as necessary based on the athlete’s progression.


The pivotal role of parental support cannot be overstated. Their informed encouragement, free from the pressure to rush recovery, played a crucial role in this seamless rehabilitation process. The results? The athlete healed faster and returned to the track without losing a stride in their performance.


This case underscores the transformative power of communication in the recovery process of young athletes. By fostering a collaborative environment among all parties involved, we can alleviate the pressure on the athlete, paving the way for a recovery that is not just swift but also holistic and empowering.



In the dynamic world of youth sports, it’s crucial to recognize that beneath the surface, children and young athletes possess an innate desire to please their parents and coaches, even if it might not always be apparent. This drive stems from a deep-seated wish to make those they respect and look up to proud. Remember that we don’t need to exert excessive pressure to motivate them to excel. Simple acts of encouragement and genuine concern for their well-being can profoundly influence their performance and enjoyment of the sport. Rather than resorting to pressuring and belittling, which can dampen their spirits and love for the game, fostering a supportive environment where encouragement prevails will draw out their best efforts and nurture a healthy, lifelong relationship with physical activity.


Transforming the culture of youth sports into one that values enjoyment, personal growth, and well-being, above all, requires a collective effort from everyone involved. By implementing these intervention strategies, we can create a supportive environment where young athletes can thrive on and off the field. Let’s commit to making sports a positive, enriching experience for all young athletes.




Hamstra, K. L., Cherubini, J. M., & Swanik, C. B. (Year). Athletic Injury and Parental Pressure in Youth Sports. International Journal of Athletic Therapy and Training, 7(6), 36–41.


bottom of page