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Here you can find definitions for some of the terms we use frequently on the site and where you can learn more. 

Acute Sports Injuries:

Acute sports injuries are injuries that occur suddenly during physical activity or exercise. These injuries can result from a specific impact, forceful movement, or an accident that happens while playing sports, training, or engaging in physical activities. They are distinct from chronic injuries, which develop over time due to repetitive stress on a part of the body.


Acute sports injuries can result from various incidents, including:

  • Direct Impact: A collision with another player, equipment, or the ground.

  • Overextension or Overuse: Pushing the body beyond its physical limits or failing to warm up properly.

  • Slips and Falls: Losing balance or footing, leading to falls that can cause sprains, fractures, or dislocations.

  • Sudden Movement: Quick, forceful movements can strain muscles or tear ligaments, especially if the body is not properly conditioned.


Symptoms of acute sports injuries can vary widely depending on the injury but often include:

  • Pain: Immediate and sometimes severe pain at the site of the injury.

  • Swelling: Rapid swelling in the injured area.

  • Bruising: Discoloration and bruising may appear soon after the injury.

  • Limited Mobility: Difficulty moving the affected body part normally.

  • Visible Deformities: In the case of fractures or dislocations, there may be visible abnormalities.


Treatment for acute sports injuries depends on the severity and type of injury but may include:

  • R.I.C.E. Method: Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation are initial treatment steps to reduce pain and swelling for many acute injuries.

  • Pain Relief: Over-the-counter pain relievers and anti-inflammatory medications.

  • Immobilization: Braces, splints, or casts to prevent movement and aid healing.

  • Physical Therapy: Rehabilitative exercises to restore function, improve strength, and increase mobility.

  • Surgery: In severe cases, surgical intervention may be necessary to repair the damage.


Preventing acute sports injuries involves several strategies:

  • Warm-Up Properly: Engage in dynamic stretching and light aerobic activity to prepare the muscles for exercise.

  • Use Proper Equipment: Wear appropriate gear and use equipment that is well-maintained and suitable for the activity.

  • Technique: Learn and adhere to correct techniques, especially in sports that involve repetitive movements.

  • Gradual Progression: Increase the intensity and duration of workouts gradually to avoid overloading muscles.

  • Rest and Recovery: Allow adequate time for the body to rest and recover between intense workouts or sporting activities.

  • Education: Understanding the risks and preventive measures associated with specific sports can help individuals make safer choices.


These preventative measures can significantly reduce the risk of experiencing acute sports injuries. Awareness and education are vital components, as well-informed athletes are more likely to take the necessary precautions to protect themselves from injury.

Athletic Taping

What is athletic taping? What are the common uses and benefits of doing it?

Athletic taping is the process of applying tape to the skin in specific ways to support and stabilize muscles and joints during physical activity. This technique is widely used in sports and physical therapy to manage symptoms and aid in the recovery of injuries. The tape used can vary in type, including traditional cloth athletic tape, kinesiology tape, and other specialized tapes, each serving different purposes.


Common Uses of Athletic Taping

1. Injury Prevention: Taping can provide additional support to vulnerable areas, potentially preventing injuries during high-risk activities or sports.

2. Injury Support and Stabilization: For athletes recovering from sprains, strains, or other injuries, taping can help stabilize the affected area, reducing the risk of further injury.

3. Pain Reduction: By supporting muscles and joints, taping can help alleviate pain by taking pressure off injured or overused areas.

4. Enhanced Performance: Some athletes use taping to enhance performance by supporting the muscles and joints in a way that may improve their strength or endurance.

5. Swelling Control: Techniques used in taping can help reduce swelling by providing compression and facilitating lymphatic drainage.


Benefits of Athletic Taping

- Support: Taping provides physical support and increases stability for the joint or muscle, which is particularly beneficial in preventing injury or re-injury during activities.

- Proprioception: It can enhance proprioception, which is the sense of how the body is positioned in space. Improved proprioception helps in maintaining balance and coordination, especially after an injury.

- Circulatory Benefits: Certain taping techniques, especially with kinesiology tape, can assist in improving circulation and reducing swelling in the taped area.

- Psychological Comfort: Athletes often report feeling more confident and secure when taped, potentially improving their performance due to psychological reassurance.

- Pain Management: Taping can help in managing pain, both by physically supporting the affected area and through neurological mechanisms (altering pain signals sent to the brain).



While athletic taping offers numerous benefits, it's important to note that improper application can lead to skin irritation, reduced circulation, or even worsening of the injury. Thus, it's advisable for taping to be done by a professional or under professional guidance, especially for specific injuries or conditions. Moreover, taping is often most effective when used as part of a comprehensive treatment and rehabilitation plan, which may include physical therapy, strength training, and other modalities.


Biomechanics is the study of the structure, function, and motion of the mechanical aspects of biological systems using the methods of mechanics. It is a multidisciplinary field that combines principles from physics, engineering, anatomy, and physiology to analyze the forces exerted by and upon the body and the effects these forces have on the body's movement and structure.


Purpose of Biomechanics

The primary purpose of biomechanics is to understand the complex interplay between biological structures and mechanical forces. This understanding can be applied to enhance performance, prevent injuries, and rehabilitate individuals after injury or surgery. By examining how biological systems respond to physical forces, biomechanics helps create more effective treatments that improve ergonomic designs and optimize athletic performance.


Common Use Cases

1. Sports Performance Enhancement: Biomechanics analyzes athletes’ movements to improve efficiency, enhance performance, and reduce injury risks. Coaches and sports scientists use biomechanical analysis to refine techniques, optimize training regimens, and select equipment that complements an athlete's natural biomechanical strengths.


2. Injury Prevention and Rehabilitation: By understanding the mechanics behind movement patterns that lead to stress and injury, biomechanics can inform preventive measures for athletes and individuals with physically demanding jobs. Rehabilitation programs also use biomechanical principles to design exercises that address specific imbalances or weaknesses.


3. Ergonomics and Human Factors Engineering: Biomechanics informs the design of workplaces, tools, and products to fit human body movement, reducing the risk of musculoskeletal disorders and improving user comfort and efficiency.


4. Orthopedic Implant and Prosthesis Design: The design and testing of artificial limbs, joints, and other prosthetic devices rely on biomechanical principles to ensure that these devices mimic natural movement patterns as closely as possible.


5. Clinical Gait Analysis: In medicine, biomechanical analysis of walking or running helps diagnose, treat, and monitor conditions affecting the musculoskeletal system, guiding interventions like surgery, physical therapy, or the use of orthotic devices.


Benefits of Biomechanics

- Optimized Performance: Athletes can improve speed, strength, and overall performance through biomechanically informed training and technique adjustments.

- Reduced Injury Risks: Understanding the biomechanical causes of injuries leads to better preventive strategies, protective gear, and training modifications to safeguard against common injuries.

- Enhanced Rehabilitation Outcomes: Tailored rehabilitation programs that consider an individual's biomechanical characteristics can lead to more effective recovery from injury.

- Improved Design of Tools and Environments: Biomechanics can lead to the creation of more ergonomic and user-friendly designs in workplaces, sports equipment, and everyday products, enhancing safety and comfort.

- Greater Understanding of Biological Systems: Biomechanics provides insights into the workings of the body at both macroscopic and microscopic levels, contributing to advancements in medical treatments and interventions.


Biomechanics bridges the gap between biology and engineering, offering valuable insights that impact various fields, from healthcare to sports science. Its interdisciplinary approach provides a comprehensive understanding of how living organisms move and interact with their environment, leading to innovations that improve human health, well-being, and performance.

Chronic Sports Injuries

Chronic sports injuries, also known as overuse injuries, occur over time and result from repetitive stress on muscles, joints, and tendons without adequate time for healing. Unlike acute injuries that happen suddenly, chronic injuries develop due to prolonged or repeated strain on a specific body part during physical activity.


How Does Someone Get Chronic Sports Injuries?


Chronic sports injuries can stem from various factors, including:

- Repetitive Motion: Engaging in the same sports or physical activities that involve repetitive movements (e.g., running, swimming, cycling) without adequate rest.

- Improper Technique: Using poor form or technique over a long period can put unnecessary stress on certain body parts.

- Inadequate Equipment: Using poorly fitted or inappropriate equipment for the activity (e.g., shoes that don't offer proper support).

- Insufficient Recovery: Not allowing enough recovery time between physical activities, leading to compounded stress on muscles, joints, and tendons.

- Imbalance and Overload: Imbalances in strength or flexibility and overloading specific muscles while neglecting others.


Common Symptoms of Chronic Sports Injuries

Symptoms of chronic sports injuries often include:

- Persistent Pain: Ongoing or recurring pain during or after activity.

- Swelling: Continuous or recurring swelling in the affected area.

- Stiffness: A feeling of stiffness in the muscles or joints, especially after periods of inactivity.

- Decreased Performance: A noticeable decline in physical performance or ability.


Treatments for Chronic Sports Injuries

Managing and treating chronic sports injuries usually involves a combination of the following:

- Rest and Activity Modification: Taking a break from the activity that caused the injury and finding alternative ways to stay active without stressing the injured area.

- Physical Therapy: Engaging in targeted exercises to strengthen the affected area, improve flexibility, and address imbalances.

- Anti-inflammatory Medications: Using medications to reduce inflammation and pain.

- Corrective Equipment: Switching to or modifying equipment (e.g., orthotic inserts for shoes) to address biomechanical issues.

- Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair the damage, although this is generally considered a last resort.


Preventing Chronic Sports Injuries

Preventing chronic sports injuries involves several key strategies:

- Cross-Training: Incorporating various physical activities to prevent overuse of one muscle group.

- Proper Equipment: Choosing the right equipment and ensuring it fits correctly to support your body during activity.

- Gradual Progression: Gradually increasing the intensity, duration, and frequency of workouts to avoid overloading the body.

- Rest and Recovery: Allowing adequate time for the body to rest and recover between workouts.

- Technique and Form: Ensuring proper technique and form in sports and physical activities to avoid unnecessary stress on the body.

- Strength and Flexibility Training: Incorporating strength and flexibility exercises into your routine to address imbalances and improve overall physical condition.


By understanding the causes and implementing preventive measures, individuals can significantly reduce their risk of developing chronic sports injuries. Education on proper training techniques, recovery practices, and the importance of listening to one's body is crucial for maintaining long-term health and performance in sports and physical activities.

Compression Therapy

Compression therapy involves applying controlled pressure to the extremities (most commonly the legs) to promote blood flow and improve lymphatic function. This therapeutic approach uses specially designed stockings, sleeves, bandages, or pneumatic devices that squeeze the targeted areas of the body.


Purpose of Compression Therapy

The primary purpose of compression therapy is to enhance venous and lymphatic circulation, which can help prevent and treat various conditions associated with poor blood flow or lymphatic drainage. By applying gentle pressure to the legs or other parts of the body, compression therapy can:

- Support Vein Function: It helps veins return blood to the heart, combating the effects of gravity.

- Reduce Edema: It limits the excessive buildup of fluid in the tissues, reducing swelling.

- Improve Lymphatic Drainage: It aids in the removal of waste products from the body tissues.

- Prevent Venous Ulcers: It helps prevent the formation of ulcers by improving circulation.


Common Use Cases

1. Varicose Veins: Helps in managing symptoms and discomfort associated with varicose veins.

2. Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT): Used as part of treatment and prevention strategies for DVT, reducing the risk of clot formation.

3. Lymphedema: Reduces lymphatic swelling by promoting fluid drainage.

4. Chronic Venous Insufficiency: Improves symptoms and prevents progression of this condition.

5. Post-surgical Recovery: Facilitates quicker recovery by reducing swelling and improving circulation after surgery.

6. Athletic Recovery: Athletes use compression garments to improve recovery times after intense workouts by reducing muscle soreness and fatigue.


Benefits of Compression Therapy

- Reduced Swelling and Inflammation: Compression therapy can significantly reduce swelling in the affected limbs by enhancing blood and lymphatic flow.

- Prevention of Varicose Veins: Regular use can prevent the development or worsening of varicose veins.

- Enhanced Recovery: Speeds recovery by reducing muscle fatigue and soreness for athletes and individuals post-surgery.

- Improved Quality of Life: For individuals with chronic conditions like lymphedema or venous insufficiency, it can improve mobility and decrease pain, enhancing overall quality of life.

- Reduced Risk of Venous Ulcers: By improving circulation, it can help prevent the breakdown of skin that leads to ulcers.


Implementing Compression Therapy

Compression therapy can be implemented through various means, including:

- Compression Stockings or Socks: Available in different sizes and pressure levels, suitable for daily wear.

- Pneumatic Compression Devices: Machines that use air-filled chambers to provide intermittent pressure, often used in clinical settings or at home.

- Compression Bandages: Wrapped in specific techniques to provide gradient compression, especially useful for treating lymphedema or venous ulcers.



While compression therapy is generally safe, using the correct type and amount of pressure is essential. Too much pressure can restrict blood flow, while too little may not be effective. It's advisable to consult with a healthcare provider to determine the most appropriate form and pressure level of compression therapy for individual needs, especially for those with certain medical conditions like peripheral artery disease (PAD) or diabetic neuropathy.


In summary, compression therapy is a versatile and effective treatment modality for a wide range of circulatory and lymphatic system conditions, offering significant benefits in prevention, management, and recovery.


A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury (TBI) caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or by a hit to the body that causes the head and brain to move rapidly back and forth. This sudden movement can cause the brain to bounce around or twist in the skull, creating chemical changes in the brain and sometimes stretching and damaging brain cells.


How Does Someone Get a Concussion?

Concussions can occur in a variety of settings, including but not limited to:

- Sports Injuries: Especially in contact sports like football, hockey, rugby, and soccer.

- Falls: Such as slipping on ice or falling from a height.

- Vehicle-related Collisions: Including car accidents and bicycle crashes.

- Physical Assaults: Including being punched or shaken.

- Accidents at Work or Home: Such as being struck by or against an object.


Common Symptoms

Symptoms of a concussion can be subtle and may not be immediately apparent. They can include:

- Physical Symptoms: Headache, nausea, vomiting, balance problems, dizziness, visual problems, fatigue, and sensitivity to light or noise.

- Cognitive Symptoms: Feeling mentally foggy, difficulty concentrating, memory problems.

- Emotional Symptoms: Irritability, sadness, more emotional, nervousness, or anxiety.

- Sleep Disturbances: Sleeping more or less than usual, trouble falling asleep.



The main treatment for a concussion is rest and reducing mental and physical activities to allow the brain to heal. Specific treatment and recovery strategies include:

- Physical Rest: Avoiding physical activities that could worsen symptoms.

- Cognitive Rest: Limiting activities that require concentration and mental focus, such as screen time, reading, and schoolwork.

- Pain Management: Using over-the-counter pain relievers like acetaminophen for headaches. Note: Aspirin and ibuprofen are usually avoided initially, as they may increase the risk of bleeding.

- Gradual Return to Activities: Slowly increasing activities under the guidance of a healthcare professional, ensuring that symptoms do not worsen with activity.

- Monitoring: Close observation by a healthcare provider to monitor for any worsening of symptoms or the development of new symptoms.


Avoiding Concussion Injuries

While not all concussions can be prevented, some strategies to reduce the risk include:

- Wearing Protective Gear: Such as helmets while biking, skiing, skateboarding, or playing contact sports.

- Safe Sports Practices: Ensuring that play adheres to the rules aimed at safety and that athletes are taught safe playing techniques.

- Home Safety: Taking measures to prevent falls, like securing carpets and ensuring adequate lighting.

- Vehicle Safety: Wearing seat belts and using appropriate child safety seats.

- Education and Awareness: Understanding the risks and symptoms of concussion can lead to quicker identification and treatment.


Recognizing a concussion early and seeking appropriate care is crucial for recovery. It's important for individuals who have sustained a concussion to be evaluated by a healthcare professional who can provide guidance on the appropriate steps to take for recovery and when it is safe to return to normal activities.

CrossFit Injuries

CrossFit, known for its high intensity and varied functional movements, has gained immense popularity for its effectiveness in building strength and conditioning. However, the intensity and complexity of some workouts can also lead to injuries if not performed with proper form and caution. Here are some common CrossFit injuries, tips for recovery, and strategies to avoid them.


Common CrossFit Injuries

1. Low Back Pain and Injuries: Often resulting from improper form during lifts or overexertion.

2. Shoulder Injuries: Including rotator cuff injuries and impingements due to the high volume of overhead movements.

3. Knee Injuries: Such as patellar tendinitis (jumper’s knee) or meniscus injuries from repetitive jumping and squatting.

4. Wrist Strains: These are from movements requiring significant wrist extensions like handstands or front squats.

5. Achilles Tendinitis: Due to high-impact activities like box jumps and double-unders.

6. Rhabdomyolysis: A rare but serious condition that can occur from extreme overexertion, leading to muscle cell breakdown and potentially severe kidney damage.


Recovering from CrossFit Injuries

1. Rest and Ice: Initially, give your body time to heal by resting and applying ice to reduce inflammation.

2. Consult a Professional: Seek advice from a healthcare provider, ideally one familiar with sports medicine or CrossFit-related injuries, for an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan.

3. Physical Therapy: A physical therapist can design a rehabilitation program to strengthen the injured area and address any biomechanical issues contributing to the injury.

4. Gradual Return to Activity: Follow a phased approach to return to CrossFit, gradually increasing the intensity and volume of workouts to avoid re-injury.

5. Cross-Training: Incorporate low-impact activities like swimming or cycling into your recovery process to maintain fitness without stressing the injury.


Avoiding CrossFit Injuries

1. Proper Technique: Prioritize learning and maintaining proper form for each exercise, especially for complex lifts.

2. Warm-Up and Cool-Down: Incorporate a thorough warm-up and cool-down into your routine to prepare your muscles and joints for the workout and aid in recovery.

3. Listen to Your Body: Pay attention to signs of fatigue and discomfort, which may indicate the need for rest or modification of movements.

4. Scale Workouts Appropriately: Adjust the intensity, weight, and volume of workouts to match your current fitness level, gradually increasing as you become stronger and more proficient.

5. Rest and Recovery: Ensure adequate rest between workouts to allow for muscle recovery and growth, and adopt recovery practices like stretching, hydration, and nutrition.

6. Cross-Training: Include a variety of exercises and activities in your fitness routine to prevent overuse injuries and improve overall physical resilience.

7. Education: Stay informed about common injuries and prevention strategies through workshops, certified trainers, and reputable online resources.


By adhering to these guidelines, you can enjoy the benefits of CrossFit while minimizing the risk of injury. Remember, the key to a successful and sustainable CrossFit journey is a balanced approach that emphasizes safety, proper technique, and listening to your body's needs.

Dynamic Stretching/Warm Up

Dynamic stretching or warm ups involves active movements that stretch the muscles to their full range of motion without holding the position for an extended period. Unlike static stretching, where you hold a single pose for a duration, dynamic stretches are fluid and often mimic the movement of the activity or sport that will follow. These stretches are performed gradually and controlled, progressively increasing the reach and speed of the movement.


Purpose of Dynamic Stretching/Warm Up

The primary purpose of dynamic stretching is to prepare the body for physical activity by warming up the muscles, increasing blood flow, and improving range of motion. It is designed to activate and loosen up all the muscle groups that will be used during a workout or sporting event, reducing the risk of injury and improving performance.


Common Use Cases

- Pre-Workout or Pre-Event Warm-Up: Dynamic stretches are ideal before exercising, running, or participating in sports to prepare the body for the intensity of the activity.

- Athletic Training: Athletes often incorporate dynamic stretching into their training routines to enhance agility, coordination, and speed.

- Physical Education Classes: Teachers may use dynamic stretches to warm up students before physical activity, promoting a healthy habit of preparing the body for exercise.

- Rehabilitation: After an injury, dynamic stretching can be part of a rehabilitation program to regain muscle strength and flexibility.


Benefits of Dynamic Stretching/WarmUps

- Improved Range of Motion: Dynamic stretching can increase the range of motion around joints, improving flexibility and function.

- Enhanced Muscular Performance: Warming up muscles before intense activity can enhance performance, allowing for more significant strength, speed, and endurance.

- Reduced Risk of Injury: By preparing muscles and joints for the demands of specific activities, dynamic stretching can help prevent injuries.

- Increased Blood Flow: These movements increase blood circulation, which warms the muscles and makes them more pliable, reducing the risk of strains and sprains.

- Better Coordination and Motor Function: Dynamic stretches often mimic sport-specific movements, helping to improve coordination and motor skills relevant to the activity.

- Mental Preparation: The dynamic stretching routine can also help athletes focus and mentally prepare for the exercise or competition ahead.


Examples of Dynamic Stretches

- Leg Swings: Forward and side leg swings to warm up the hip joints.

- Arm Circles: Large and small circles to loosen the shoulders.

- Lunges: Forward, side, and rotational lunges to engage the lower body.

- Torso Twists: Gently twisting the torso to warm up the spine.

- High Knees: Running in place while bringing the knees up high to activate the legs and core.


Dynamic warm ups  are  most beneficial when performed before activities that require a high level of physical exertion or coordination. It's a crucial component of a comprehensive warm-up routine, helping athletes and fitness enthusiasts alike prepare their bodies for the challenges ahead, ensuring both safety and optimal performance.

Eccentric Strengthening

Eccentric strengthening involves focusing on the eccentric phase of a movement, which is when the muscle lengthens while under tension. This is in contrast to the concentric phase, where the muscle shortens to produce movement. An example of eccentric action is the way the quadriceps muscles work while lowering into a squat, or the biceps while lowering a dumbbell after a curl.


Purpose of Eccentric Strengthening

The primary purposes of eccentric strengthening are to:

- Increase Muscle Strength and Mass: Eccentric training is highly effective at inducing microtears in the muscle fibers, leading to stronger and larger muscles after recovery.

- Improve Muscle Control and Efficiency: It enhances the ability to control muscle movements, especially during the lengthening phase, which can improve overall movement efficiency.

- Enhance Flexibility: Eccentric exercises have been shown to increase muscle length and flexibility.

- Injury Prevention and Rehabilitation: By strengthening the muscles and tendons, eccentric training can help prevent injuries and is often used in rehabilitation settings to recover from musculoskeletal injuries.


Common Use Cases

- Sports Performance Training: Athletes use eccentric strengthening to improve power and performance in sports that require control during the lengthening of muscles, such as running and jumping.

- Rehabilitation from Tendon Injuries: Eccentric exercises are a cornerstone in rehabilitating tendon injuries like Achilles tendinopathy or patellar tendinopathy because they can stimulate tendon repair without excessive strain.

- Increasing Muscle Mass and Strength: Bodybuilders and fitness enthusiasts may incorporate eccentric training to overcome plateaus in muscle growth and strength.

- Improving Flexibility: Those looking to increase their range of motion and flexibility may benefit from eccentric exercises.


Benefits of Eccentric Strengthening

- Greater Strength Gains: Eccentric training can produce more significant increases in muscle strength compared to concentric training alone.

- Improved Muscle Tissue Quality: It enhances the structural integrity of muscle fibers, leading to improved muscle function.

- Increased Metabolic Rate: Eccentric exercises can increase the resting metabolic rate due to the intensive nature of the muscle repair process, potentially aiding in weight management.

- Reduced Risk of Injury: By strengthening muscles and tendons, eccentric training can reduce the likelihood of future injuries.

- Efficient Rehabilitation: Eccentric exercises are particularly effective in rehabilitating certain types of injuries, especially those involving tendons, by promoting healing and strengthening without excessive stress.



Eccentric strengthening should be incorporated gradually into a training program to allow the body to adapt to the increased demands and reduce the risk of injury. It is also important to balance eccentric training with concentric and isometric exercises for overall muscle health and performance. Proper technique and control are crucial during eccentric exercises to maximize benefits and minimize the risk of injury.

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Get To Know Us

Founded in 2022 by Dr James Jonas, Accelerate takes rehab to the next level. Whether you are healing from an injury or trying to maintain peak physical fitness, our methods allow us to help patients bounce back quickly and live pain-free in less time with less time spent in therapy. Accelerate takes sports rehab to the next level. 

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